Unfortunately, a pain is an indispensable part of our life. Very often we feel pain at the most inopportune moment and try to get rid of it as soon as possible with the help of over-the-counter pain medication. But when these medications don’t help to relieve pain, your doctor may decide to write a prescription for a stronger form of analgesic. Before taking painkillers you must consult your physician and tell him about all medication you are taking to avoid side effects.
Anticonvulsants are used to treat seizures, but at the same time, this is an effective pain remedy. Usually anticonvulsants are used to treat pain caused by nerve damage. Nerves can be damaged by many things, including injury, surgery, disease or exposure to toxins. It has commonly been assumed that these medications work by reducing the ability of damaged nerves to transmit pain signals.
The most effective drugs are: Klonopin, Neurontin, Carbatrol, Tegretol, Gralise, Lyrica. They are used to treat different kind of pain caused by diabetes, fibromyalgia, postherpetic neuralgia, etc.
It is necessary to underline that anticonvulsants may be used in combination with other medical preparations, as they are well tolerated. But talk to a doctor promptly if you feel unwell.
At first sight there is nothing common between antidepressants and painkillers, but researches have proved the strong connection between pain and depression. Antidepressants may increase neurotransmitters in the spinal cord that reduce pain signals.
The most effective drugs are: Paxil, Effexor, Elavil, Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, Cymbalta, Desyrel, etc. They are used to treat pain caused by fibromyalgia, postherpetic neuralgia, menstrual pain, back pain.
It is necessary to know that antidepressants don’t work immediately as painkillers, you may need a couple of weeks to feel relief. Doses of antidepressants, used to treat pain, are lower than doses to treat depression.
Antimigraine medications are medicines used to prevent or reduce the severity of migraine headaches. These medications work by constricting blood vessels, relieving pressure on the brain.
The most effective drugs are: Alsuma, Sansert, Frova, Ergomar, Treximet, Zomig, Wigraine, Cafergot, Imitrex, Epidrin and some others. Painkillers should be used at the initial onset of migraine symptoms to achieve the best results. The medications include agents in the drug classes such as ergots, triptans and isometheptene. There exists the risk of severe side effects, it is important to consult a doctor before usage.
Corticosteroids are commonly used in the practice of pain management for their anti-inflammatory properties. They are usually prescribed in low doses to minimize the risks of adverse effects. They are produced in the form of pills, injections, inhalants and creams.
The most effective drugs are: Deltasone, Kenacort, Medrol, Prelone, Hydeltrasol, Solu-Medrol. They are used to treat pain and inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. These preparations can cause potentially serious side effects, such as: increases in blood pressure, weight gain, ulcers, glaucoma.
Cox-2 Inhibitors are no more effective than traditional NSAIDs and have no tangible advantages in terms of gastrointestinal tolerability. These medications block special enzymes in the blood that can cause inflammation and pain.
The most effective drugs are: Bextra, Vioxx, Celebrex. They are effective against menstrual pain and arthritis. Cox-2 Inhibitors increased risk of cardiovascular adverse effects.
Opioids are a narcotic drug that is why it is usually prescribed with stimulants. They can be combined with different types of painkillers.
The most effective drugs are: Vicodin, Codeine, Oxycontin, Avinza, Dilaudid, etc. They are used to treat acute pain (because cancer, surgery, injury). The main disadvantage of the medication is that it may cause addiction.